Freight Traffic...Without the Cross Harbor Freight Tunnel - JuniperCivic.com
Serving Middle Village and Maspeth since 1938.

Originally published in the March 2005 Juniper Berry Magazine

Freight Traffic...Without the Cross Harbor Freight Tunnel

Freight trains in Middle Village

Without question, we do not need the Cross Harbor Freight Rail Tunnel, but, we do need the freight rail infrastructure upgraded to 21st Century standards. For example, when I look at the rusted rails and bridges and

the more than fifty year old signal systems being used on our railroads it reminds me of the lyrics in that famous Johnny Cash song The Wabash Cannon Ball, listen to the rattle and the rumble and the roar, listen to the whistle of The Wabash Cannon Ball. Yes, when I was a young boy during World War II, I rode on the LIRR to lake Ronkonkoma with the soldiers headed out to Yaphank and the coal fired steam engine did indeed rattle and roar, and there was only one track between Pine lawn and Wyandanch. Well, in those days, Ronkonkoma was almost the end of the world and nobody ever conceived a man standing on the Moon; what I can't conceive today is that there is still ONLY one track between Pine Lawn and Wyandanch ‒ hello MTA anybody home!

On Monday, February 7, 2005, several members of the Juniper Park Civic Association and Community Board Q5 were invited to attend a public hearing on the Cross Harbor Freight Tunnel held by Community Board 14 Brooklyn. Much to our surprise, Congressman Jerrold Nadler was present and when it was his turn to speak, he said, that those in opposition to the tunnel were spreading lies and miss-statements about the project and that if we did not accept a tunnel none of the associated improvements would be possible. Actually, that was the only incorrect statement that evening.

Clearly, the reason we don't need the Cross Harbor Freight Tunnel is that the rail network east of the Hudson is joined to the national rail network at Selkirk New York. The main rail line network heads out of Chicago across the Great Lakes and into Selkirk. Incidentally, one of the largest freight rail yards east of the Mississippi is located at Selkirk New York. In addition, rail freight leaving Montreal Canada is linked to Selkirk New York. It is at this rail juncture that freight is sent down the west side or the east side of the Hudson River, consequently, there is no need for a Cross Harbor Freight Tunnel.

However, as we move into the 21st Century there is an urgent need to up-grade the rail infrastructure east of the Hudson River.

The following statistics underscore the need to immediately address this issue with practical and prudent spending of the taxpayer's money.

Bigger trucks tear up the highway infrastructure. Heavy trucks are responsible for a disproportionate amount of pavement damage: one 80,000 pound five-axle truck does as much damage as 9,600 cars.

Adding weight to the same truck will sharply escalate pavement damage: at 100,000 pounds, the truck will do as

much damage as 27,000 cars. (Note: adding axles to a truck ‒ including long double and triple trailer trucks ‒ ameliorates pavement damage.) (AASHTO Pavement Design Guide)

Bigger trucks will cause a massive increase in bridge costs. Longer combination vehicles ‒ long double and triple trailer trucks ‒ will cost the country $319 billion in bridge costs ($53 billion in capital and $266 billion

in user delay costs). (US DOT 2000 Comprehensive Truck Size and Weight Study)

Even without building new highways, the US will need to spend $56.6 billion per year simply to maintain the condition of the current bridge and highway system. (US DOT 1999 Status Report on the Nation's Surface Transportation

System)

• Railroads are on average three times

as fuel efficient as trucks. This means

that trains can move a ton of freight

three times as far as trucks per gallon

of fuel used.

• Railroad fuel efficiency has increased

61 percent since 1980; today railroads

can move a ton of freight an average of

379 miles on each gallon of diesel fuel

used.

• The U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency has stated that locomotives are

about three times cleaners than trucks

based on air emissions per ton moved.

• Over the past five years, railroads

have invested several billion dollars to

acquire more than 3,500 locomotives

that are more fuel-efficient and less

polluting than older models.

Railroads have committed themselves

to further substantial reductions in

atmospheric emissions. The industry has

tentatively endorsed an Environmental

Protection Agency proposal that calls

for a 60 percent reduction in noxious

emission on new locomotives manufactured

beginning in 2005.

In view of the obvious energy efficiency and improved air quality that rail freight has over truck traffic, it is

incredible that the MTA has not granted our regional rail freight carrier the New York & Atlantic Rail Road the right to handle 286,000 lbs. cars in lieu of the 263,000 lbs. cars that it currently handles. In additions, since a study has been completed over the entire LIRR that indicates exactly what must be done to accommodate the Plate F railcars, the New York & Atlantic Rail Road should be granted route clearance for Plate F railcars in the short term, with LIRR system wide clearance long term. Considering that both these request are of negligible cost and would remove thousands of trucks from our local highways ‒ why have they not been granted.

As we comprehend the comparison between the two different modes of freight delivery, it is difficult to conceive how our elected officials and government as a whole have put us in a position where a 53 ft trailer is making deliveries to our local grocery store.

The drivers can't negotiate our local streets without damaging signal poles or vehicles, needless to mention the

damage to the local roads that were never designed to carry very heavy trucks. It is incumbent upon city, state and the federal government to design and implement a master plan for the efficient delivery of goods throughout the Greater New York Metropolitan Area. And, it is incumbent upon all

New Yorkers to elect officials who will work towards that goal.